According to statistics from the World Health Organization, more than two billion people, which is equivalent to almost a third of the human population, harbor parasites. Anthelmintic medications, which are commonly known as deworming, help remove these parasites and worms from the body. The drug, which effectively destroys parasites, is also used to deworm animals.
Some parasites disturb a single species, while many have the propensity to affect and spread across multiple species. The latter type can easily affect humans due to its proximity to animals. Common symptoms of infection range from loss of body weight, problems with abdominal function, discomfort in the intestines, hair loss, or malnutrition.
However, some parasites acquire immunity to certain medications over a period of time and in such cases multiple doses may be required. Doctors approach the process delicately because the anthelmintic process can make the affected person or animal sicker for short periods of time. Small doses are the best option here because high doses can pose a health hazard to the parasite host.
Depending on the type of parasite, a large number of anthelmintic medications are commonly used, including ivermectin, albendazole, mebendazole, diethylcarbamazine, and praziquantel. The dose is determined by the severity of the situation and the stage in the life cycle of the parasitic worm. Some of these medications can handle a variety of these parasites, some of which are specifically designed to destroy a particular parasite.
Anthelmintic medications destroy these parasites in two ways. Worms stun these unwanted guests and make them uneasy, while vermicides kill them outright. In both cases, the worms can be easily expelled from the body. Along with pharmaceutical drugs, some natural compounds have also been found to be effective in treating these types of infestations.
The number of affected humans is simply staggering, indicating the need for good hygiene practices. People need to be educated about effective strategies against this health threat. Frequent hand washing, staying away from areas known to be breeding grounds for such parasites, etc. they are effective measures, but the problem is that these parasite attacks are infectious and can pass from one carrier to another.
Again, there is always the possibility of re-infection with the same type of works, if extreme care is not taken. For example, people who work with farm animals should be doubly cautious and take precautionary measures. Dogs and cats can ingest them from the food they hunt. This means that your pet should also be given deworming medications periodically while you follow a healthy and informed lifestyle to avoid any chance of being affected or re-affected.